The Central statistical organization (C.S.O) belongs to the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation(MOSPI). It was set up in May 1951 in the Cabinet Secretariat with the primary object of providing technical leader ship in building up the statistical system in the country. The main functions of C.S.O is to provide advisory services to other statistical agencies, keeping liaison (public relation) with international statistical bodies, preparing and publishing national accounts statistics, industrial statistics, conducting economic census and training statistical personal in official statistics etc. The C.S.O has so many divisions like industrial statistics wing, manpower research division, national income division, population division etc. The C.S.O is headed by Director General who belongs to either Indian statistical service or Indian economic service and is supported by additional director general, joint directors, deputy directors, assistant directors and other technical and non-technical personnel. The CSO is located in Delhi. Some portion of Industrial Statistics work pertaining to Annual Survey of industries is carried out in Calcutta.
The Central Statistics Office is responsible for coordination of statistical activities in the country, and evolving and maintaining statistical standards. Its activities include National Income Accounting; conduct of Annual Survey of Industries, Economic Censuses and its follow up surveys, compilation of Index of Industrial Production, as well as Consumer Price Indices for Urban Non-Manual Employees, Human Development Statistics, Gender Statistics, imparting training in Official Statistics, Five Year Plan work relating to Development of Statistics in the States and Union Territories; dissemination of statistical information, work relating to trade, energy, construction, and environment statistics, revision of National Industrial Classification, etc. It has a well-equipped Graphical Unit.
Functions of C.S.O:-
1) It coordinates statistical activities of the states and union territories and ensures timely compilation of
2) It is responsible for compilation and release of national accounts statistics every year based on data received from government and non government sources.
3) It organizes conferences of the central and state organizations.
4) It conducts and compiles and brings out publications of reports on Annual survey of industries (ASI).
5) It organizes training programs for the central government and state government statistical personnel.
6) It keeps liaison with international statistical bodies.
7) It decides items of information in the surveys to be taken up by the NSSO.
8) It conducts periodic economic census. The first census was conducted in 1977.
9) It takes up some regular publications such as
a) Annual statistical abstract.
b) Annual survey of industries.
c) Monthly abstract of statistics.
d) Estimates of national income etc.